Introduction to Melasma

Melasma is a common patchy brown, tan, or blue-gray facial skin discoloration, usually seen in women and in a few men in the reproductive years. 

It is a type of hyperpigmentation that typically appears on the upper cheeks, upper lip, forehead, and chin of women 20-50 years of age. It is little less common in males. 

It is thought to be primarily related to sun exposure and hormones like birth control pills and hormonal changes as seen in pregnancy. This what separates it from usual hyperpigmentation which is not associated with hormones.

Although Melasma is difficult to get rid off, a lot can be done reduce the pigmentation and improve the color.

Book a consultation and discuss your condition in detail.  

Factors affecting and exacerbating Melasma 

The exact cause of melasma is not known, but a few factors have been found to affect and even exacerbate the condition. Darkened skin color in melasma does not cause any harm but definitely it is not appreciated aesthetically

Sun Exposure (U.V. light) : Foremost reason for Melasma is exposure to sunlight. It is very good idea to protect oneself from Direct as well as indirect sunlight by using sunscreen and protective measures.

Hormones :  Female hormones (estrogen and progesterone) sensitivity exacerbate and maintain melasma. This is exactly what makes it difficult to treat because not much can be done for the hormonal influence.  

Pregnancy : It is a state of exaggerated hormonal levels which result in more than usual pigmentation. usually it resolves on its own but you may require treatment afterwards.

External Hormonal Therapy : Many conditions require treatment with external hormonal therapy. You may or may not be able to stop these and will have to consult your physician for the same. 

Genetic Makeup : Melasma is more common persons of darker skin types. It may also run in families and a prior knowledge of susceptibility can help you employ preventive measures before hand.

Sun protection is the main stay treatment for Melasma. Once the pigmentation has settled in, Chemical Peel, Lasers and Light Therapy are used to remove pigmentation.

Treatments Available for Melasma

Medical Treatment

Targeting skin conditions that were traditionally believed to only affect those of fairer skin tones, but have since been proven to affect patients of colour.

Face veins and redness as conditions are not a health risk, but can cause emotional or psychological distress to the individual and can prove to be difficult to mask by makeup and creams. Pulsed Dy...

Lasers and Light Therapy

Lasers are highly concentrated beams of light which carry light energy to the target tissue. 

The mechanism of Lasers is easy to understand. Just like a piece paper absorbs sunlight and heats up according to its color, various pigments present in the skin absorb laser light selectively. ...

Chemical Peel

A Chemical Peel treatment is a process to improve the appearance of skin of face, neck and hands by applying a chemical solution to remove the outer damaged skin revealing a new skin layer with improved tone, texture, and color. A chemical peel enhances and smooths the texture of the skin. It is an effective treatment for facial blemishes, wrinkles, and uneven skin pigmentation. ...